Parkinson’s Disease | Resident & Family Newsletter | Feb 2020

February 2020 | Be Well — Be Safe | View PDF

WHAT IS PARKINSON’S DISEASE?

Parkinson’s Disease affects the nervous system and slowly gets worse; a disease of the brain that affects movement.The movements in our body are controlled by a chemical called dopamine. In Parkinson’s, the cells that produce dopamine gradually break down or die, causing the loss of control of movement.

SYMPTOMS OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE

While no two people have the exact same symptoms, people with Parkinson’s may experience:

1. Motor changes

  • Slowness of movement
  • Shaking
  • Stiffness
  • Walking
  • Balance problems

2. Non-motor changes

  • Drooling
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Sleep disorders
  • Problem urinating
  • Memory problems

Contact your physician if you are experiencing any of these symptoms.

WHO GETS PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Age: It affects 1 out of 100 adults over the age of 65

Gender: It affects more men than women

Genes: People with a first degree relative (parent or sibling) with Parkinson’s disease have a higher chance of getting the disease

Toxins: Exposure to high doses of toxic chemicals that could damage the nerve cells (e.g. pesticides)

DID YOU KNOW?

About 100,000 Canadians and 10 million people worldwide live with Parkinson’s disease. The name came from Dr. James Parkinson, who first described the illness in 1817.


References:
1.UHN website: https://www.uhn.ca/PatientsFamilies/Health_Information/Health_Topics/Documents/Parkinsons_Disease.pdf

2. Mayo Clinic website: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/index?letter=P 3. Parkinson Canada website: www.parkinson.ca

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